Official name: The Kingdom of Cambodia was once known as the Khmer Empire.
Capital: Phnom Penh, which has 1,325,681 inhabitants (2012 census).
Largest city: Phnom Penh
Populations of other cities:
Siem Reap: 148,000
Prey Veng: 73,300
Kampong Cham: 58,900
Ta Khmau: 48,400
Kampong Speu: 31,700
Location and size: 181,035 sq. kilometers (69,898 sq. miles) with borders to Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.
Population: 14.8 million
National anthem: Nokor Reach
Population density: Approx. 83 persons per sq. kilometer
Independence: Cambodia became an independent kingdom in 1953 under Norodom Sihanouk.
New Year's Day- 1/1
Victory Day- 7/1
International Woman's Day- 8/3
Khmer New Year- 14/4-16/4
Labor Day- 1/5
King Sihamoni's Birthday- 13/5-15/5
International Children Day- 1/6
Queen Mother's Birthday- 18/6
Constitution Day- 24/9
King Father's Commemoration Day- 15/10
Paris Peace Agreement Day- 23/10
Human Rights Day- 10/12
Languages: Khmer is the predominant language.
Religion: Buddhism (85%) has been the dominant religion in Cambodia since the reign of Jayavarman VII (1181-1200).
Hinduism (.2%)- Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple of the world.
Ethnic religions (7.4%)
Christianity (3.2%) - First known Christian mission in Cambodia was Gaspar da Cruz, a Portuguese member of the Dominican Order (1555-1556).
Note: Sources from Joshua Project. Many websites state different numbers.
Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy. His Majesty Norodom Sihamoni is reigning as King and handles the affairs of the state. Mr. Hun Sen is the Prime Minister of Cambodia.
Timezone: Local time is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) + 7 hours
Electricity: AC 220 Volts, 50 cycles.
Climate: The climate can generally be described as tropical. For much of the year, it is hot and humid with an average temperature of around 27 C (80 F). There are two distinct seasons: the rainy season and the dry season. However, the dry season is divided into two sub-seasons (cool and hot).
The seasons are:
The rainy season: From June until October 27-35C (80-95F).
The dry season (cool): From November till February 17-27C (80-95F).
The dry season (hot): From March til May 29-38C (84-100F).
Currency: The US dollar is the country's common currency. Riel notes are used for fractional dollar amounts as US coins are not in circulation
Telephone: National code is +855.